Effective Water Conservation Tools for Farmers

As we all know, irrigation is the artificial application of water to land for the purpose of agricultural production. Irrigation has a better role to play in the entire growth process from seedbed preparation, germination, root growth, nutrient utilization, plant growth and regrowth, yield and quality. Having a good knowledge of equipment, system design and more help you to maximize your irrigation efforts. Getting good irrigation supplies is the first step to encourage plant growth while minimizing salt imbalances, leaf burns, soil erosion, and water loss.

Most of the people think that making irrigation system upgrades can be costly. But remember, it will be worth the cost in the long run. The most efficient irrigation system depends on different factors including,

– The type of crop
– The type of soil
– Area climate and other factors.

The amount of water used in irrigation can be controlled and measured by using water flow meters.

Center Pivot Irrigation Systems

One of the most widely irrigation systems is center pivot irrigation systems, a self-propelled system rotating around a central pivot point. Water pressure, hydraulic oil, or electric motors are the drive mechanisms used in this type of irrigation systems. The time required for the rotation of the system depends on the,

– Size
– Pump
– Well capacity and
– Amount of water

Generally, center pivot systems covey a circular area, hence they are best adapted to fields that are round or square. Part circle irrigation system can also be installed on some irregular shaped fields to cover the maximum amount of area.

Sprinkler Options

For center pivot irrigation system, a wide range of sprinkler package options are available. The main working process of sprinkler system involves, taking water from the source and distribute the water uniformly over an area in droplet form. To cover larger areas, this sprinkler system requires pressure that translates into fuel consumption at the pump. A minor reduction in this pressure decreases the area covered by the sprinkler system.

Sprinkler packages are available with a variety of operating pressures ranging from 1 pound per square inch (psi) to 100 psi to cover maximum field area with a low pressure. The major benefit of these low pressure sprinklers is it requires only a lesser energy to operate.

Low Pressure Sprinklers

These low pressure sprinklers generally operate at pressures between 10 and 30 psi. These sprinklers can be installed upright on the top of the pivot pipeline or inverted on drop pipes or hoses below the pipeline. These sprinklers produce larger water droplets that, when combined with drop hoses, reduce losses to wind drift and evaporation.

Micro-irrigation Systems

Micro-irrigation system distribute water uniformly to a crop via low-volume, low-pressure devices that control the rate of water output.

Benefits of Micro-irrigation System

– Conservation of water
– Energy efficiency
– Eliminates weed problems
– Reduced labor
– Easily automated

The author of this article is a leading supplier of high quality irrigation supplies in Perth for people at a low cost. In this article he discusses about the effective irrigation system for agriculture. Visit http://ruralfencingsupplies.com.au for more.