Tubal ligation is considered to be a permanent method of birth control. However, some females who undergo it may want to bear another child. These women can choose to undergo a tubal reversal or tubal reanastomosis procedure. During this surgical procedure, surgeons untie or reopen fallopian tubes and reconnect them.
You can choose to reverse a female sterilization procedure if you decided to undergo the procedure due to marital problems, if you are younger than thirty or if you were pressured into undergoing the procedure by another person. The chances of becoming pregnant after reversing a sterilization procedure are high if you are under the age of 35 and your tubes did not suffer much damage after they were cut and tied. Reconnecting fallopian tubes is straightforward if they were tied using clamps or rings.
Pregnancy rates following tubal ligation reversal surgery vary between 40 and 85 percent. The factors that determine these rates include the age of the woman at the time of the surgery, the kind of female sterilization procedure that was performed, the skill level of the surgeon and whether the fallopian tubes are still functional. Patients who undergo this surgical procedure have an increased risk of having an ectopic pregnancy.
Before undergoing this procedure, your surgeon will ask you to get a complete physical examination to determine if you can conceive after you undergo the procedure. During a physical exam, blood and imaging tests are performed to check the function of ovaries. You will also undergo an X ray of your remaining fallopian tubes, which is referred to as a hysterosalpinogram to check their length and function. Your partner will be asked to take a sperm count and semen analysis test to determine if his sperms are healthy.
When undergoing the female sterilization reversal surgery, patients are put under anesthesia. The surgeon uses a laparoscope that has microscopic instruments attached to its end to look at fallopian tubes as he or she removes the rings or clips blocking the tubes. The surgeon then uses small stitches to reconnect the ends of the fallopian tubes to the womb.
Generally, it takes about two or three hours for surgeons to complete a tubal ligation reversal procedure. This procedure is more complicated than the sterilization procedure and a patient may e required to stay in the hospital overnight. Some women may be asked to stay in the facility for one to three days. About 3 months after the procedure, patients are required to undergo an X ray dye test, which lets doctors know if the procedure succeeded and whether the fallopian tubes are functioning as they should.
The main factor that determines how long you will take to recover fully is the techniques used to perform the procedure. If your surgeon used microsurgical techniques, you can be discharged from the hospital on the same day. You will be ready to go home about two to four hours after the surgery is complete. Your doctor will ask you to take pain relievers to manage discomfort.
Most women are able to live normally again after a period of about two weeks. They are also able to conceive after a period of six months to a year after the procedure. Reversing the female sterilization procedure can be costly and most insurers do not offer coverage for it. However, most couples find it affordable.
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